GITA Chapter 2 (47-53) गीता द्वितीय-अध्याय श्लोक(47-53)
बुद्धियोग से कर्मयोग तक
कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन ।
मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि ॥2-47॥
अधिकार तेरा कर्म में ही तो है केवल,
कर्म के फल में, न कोई बस है कभी|
अतः न रहो कर्म-फल के हेतु हो कर,
और आसक्ति अ-कर्म में न हो अभी||2-47||
योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि सङ्गं त्यक्त्वा धनंजय ।
सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते ॥2-48॥
कर कर्म अपना, सदा योग में स्थित,
तजकर आसक्ति, सुनो धनंजय! अब|
सिद्धि असिद्धि में होगे समान जब
कहलायगा यह ही समत्व योग तब||2-48||
दूरेण ह्यवरं कर्म बुद्धियोगाद्धनंजय ।
बुद्धौ शरणमन्विच्छ कृपणाः फलहेतवः ॥2-49॥
अर्जुन! बुद्धि-योग से, सकाम कर्म हीन है|
बुद्धि के ही शरण हो, फ़ल-हेतु कृपण दीन है||2-49||
बुद्धियुक्तो जहातीह उभे सुकृतदुष्कृते ।
तस्माद्योगाय युज्यस्व योगः कर्मसु कौशलम्॥2-50॥
त्याग दो सत्कर्म दुष्कर्म की सोच,
बुद्धि युक्त हो कर्म में लगो अब|
ऐसे बुद्धि योग से जुड़ोगे जब भी ,
योग से कर्मों में निपुण होगे तब||2-50||
कर्मजं बुद्धियुक्ता हि फलं त्यक्त्वा मनीषिणः।
जन्मबन्धविनिर्मुक्ताः पदं गच्छन्त्यनामयम् ॥2-51॥
बुद्धि से युक्त होकर ही मनीषी सब,
कर्म से उत्पन्न हुए फल को छोड़ देते|
ऐसे जन्म-बंधन से मुक्त हो स्वयं को,
निर्विकार परमपद से स्वतः जोड़ लेते ||2-51||
यदा ते मोहकलिलं बुद्धिर्व्यतितरिष्यति।
तदा गन्तासि निर्वेदं श्रोतव्यस्य श्रुतस्य च॥2-52॥
मोह से कलुषित मन महा-सागर को,
बुद्धि पूर्णरूप से पार कर जाए जब|
सुने हुए, सुनने-शेष, सब कर्मभोगों से,
उदासीन हो मन वैराग्य पा जाए तब||2-52||
श्रुतिविप्रतिपन्ना ते यदा स्थास्यति निश्चला।
समाधावचला बुद्धिस्तदा योगमवाप्स्यसि ॥२- ५३॥
भिन्न-विचारों से विचलित चित,
जब एक जगह स्थिर हो जाये
होती अचल समाधि में बुद्धि,
योग की प्राप्ति तब ही हो पाए ||2-53||
To perform action is only your right but you have no right in its result. Do not be attached to inaction, nor be instrumental in making your action bear fruit.(2-47)
Perform action, being steadfast in Yoga abandoning attachment and remain balanced in success and failure. Evenness of mind is Yoga” Becoming calm and balanced in both success and failure of an action while performing. It is called EQUANIMITY or SAMATVA YOG. (2-48).
Budhi-yoga i.e. joining with intellect during action is always better than performing with selfish motive. So don’t be poor by becoming instrumental in making actions bear fruit (2-49)
The person with intellect (BUDDHIYOGI) sheds both the so called good and bad activities, rather analyze all the activities and find out the required and undesirable elements of the same. Then engage self for yoga with the addition of required activities by replacing undesirable elements. Performing with intellect (BuddhiYog) gives skill in performance. (2-50)
Because, those who are devoted to wisdom, (they) becoming men of Enlightenment by giving up the fruits produced by actions, reach the state beyond evils by having become freed from the bondage of birth.(2-51)
When you finally reach the state where your mind is free from all attachments and pleasures in life, your intellect will clear and will give you the ability to think logically, and wisely, whenever you need to (2-52)
The moment your intelligence which is bewildered by the various interpretations of the vedas (scriptures)Shruti, shall stand unmoving and stable in the Supreme Consciousness , then you will assimilate in him. (2-53)
LEARNINGS ABOUT KARMAYOGA IN MANAGEMENT
Process of action is being explained from the point of view of intellect. When the action is guided by the intellect, it is called Buddhi-Yoga that leads to KARMAYOGA. Equipped with this attitude of mind, one will be able to throw off completely the shackles of action (KARMA).
Law of Karma :You have the right only to perform your actions, duties and responsibilities in life; however, the results of these actions should not concern you at all. You should not even desire results for your actions because:
- Creativity and enthusiasm can spring only when you are well rested; and you cannot rest if you are anxious about the outcome of your actions.
- When we perform an action with an eye on the end result, we get lost in the end and don’t enjoy the means of getting to the end.
- When we perform some actions as an expression of joy and do not bother about the result, the action itself brings fulfilment.
The results are simply not in your hands. There are several other attributes for the results to follow. It does not mean that you refrain from action. Don’t be attached to inaction Both managers and karmayogi are expected to remain steadfast in situations both favourable and unfavourable. Lord Krishna advises, “Being steadfast in yoga, perform actions, abandoning attachment, remaining unconcerned as regards success and failure. This evenness of mind is known as yoga.
When one is acting with full awareness, applying brain with all the alertness and intellect, then the doer is fully sure that there is no other better option left and he will not care for the results, so it will not bind him.
There are several other attributes for the results to follow.
- A manager is required to use authority. But unless authority is combined with dispassion, the result can be contrary to expectation.
- Use of higher consciousness in dealing with people is sure to result in better motivation and loyalty among stakeholders.
- As per principle of Karmaayoga, every individual, by nature, wants to do good work but unsuitable conditioning may prevent him in doing so. Commitment in the true sense can only be inspired for a cause bigger and better than self.
Management is an intuitive art of relating yourself with various stakeholders in a company such as staff, customers, suppliers, etc. Gita contains management wisdom, particularly those that have a bearing on the often tricky relationship between individual’s aspiration and career achievements and his organization’s growth. For an individual looking to contribute to corporation, one should be a Satvik performer.
Manager is required to have qualities of a good leader –ability to construct a creative vision and capacity to have trusting relationship with large number of people with whose help this vision will be fulfilled. A manager with clarity of personal goals and calmness of mind can only be an able manager.
Man is the first part of the word ‘manager’, indicating the need for man management as the most crucial part of the management.
Both managers and karmayogi are expected to remain steadfast in situations both favorable and unfavorable. Lord Krishna advises, “Being steadfast in yoga, perform actions, abandoning attachment, remaining unconcerned as regards success and failure. The evenness of mind is known as yoga.
Becoming calm and balanced in both success and failure of an action while performing is called EQUANIMITY or SAMATVA YOG. So while doing your duties, always be in this yoga relinquishing all the attachments. Action attains its value and power by the inner attitude.When actions are performed by a person for any selfish motive or gain, that person shall always suffer and remain disappointed in life. Those, however, who practice KARMYOGA or the Yoga of even-mindedness, are free from any worries or disappointments for they do not care for the results of their actions and duties.