GITA-GEET Chapter 1 (30-47) गीता-गीत प्रथम-अध्याय श्लोक(30-47)


GITA-GEET Chapter 1 (30-47)

गीता-गीत  प्रथम-अध्याय श्लोक(30-47)

मोह (Illusion)

देखता विपरीत ही सब  लक्षणो को  अब यहाँ |

            मार रण में स्वजन को कल्याण हो सकता कहाँ ||31||

विजय की न चाह कृष्ण! न राज्य-सुख की कामना|

            राज्य, जीवन, भोग को अब किस प्रयोजन चाहना ||32||

चाह जिनके लिए होती राज्य, धन, सुख-भोग की|

               खड़े रण में त्याग धन और चाह प्राण-के-मोह की|| 33||

आसक्ति (Attachment)

सभी गुरुजन पितृतुल्य श्वसुर पितामह पुत्र भी|

         पौत्र साले और मामा आदि  संबंधी सभी ||34||

  मैं नहीं चाहता करना वध, वे मुझे चाहे मार लें|

                 भूभाग क्या! त्रैलोक्य का ही राज्य भी चाहे मिले||35||

मारकर धृतराष्ट्र-पुत्रों को भला क्या पाऊंगा |

            आततायी-इन्हें वध, मैं पाप ही कर जाऊंगा ||36||

हैं बंधु ही धृतराष्ट्र-पुत्र, न मारने के योग्य हैं|

             मार स्वजनों को क्या, ये सभी सुख भोग्य हैं||37||

अन्धविश्वास (Superstition)

कुलनाश-से-कृत-दोष को व मित्र-द्रोह के पाप को|

 भृष्ट चित्त ये लोभ से नहिं देखते संताप को ||38||

कुलनाश-से-कृत-दोष को हे कृष्ण! हमसब जानते|

    फिर भी इस पाप से हटने को क्यों नहिं मानते ||39||

कुल का जब नाश हो तो नष्ट हो कुल-धर्म भी |

  कुल-धर्म जब नहीं रहा, तो बढेगा  अधर्म भी ||40||

दुश्चिन्तन (Anxiety disorder)

अधर्म  के बढ़ने से कुल की स्त्रियाँ दूषित बनें |

          स्त्रियाँ दूषित हों तो फिर वर्णसंकर  को जनें ||41||

    कुल और कुलघातियों हित वर्णसंकर नरक पथ|

              श्राद्ध-तर्पण के बिना, पितरों के लिए पतन-रथ||42||

   वर्णसंकरकारक  कुलघातियों के दोष  सब |

             नष्ट-करते पारंपरिक-जाति व कुलधर्म अब ||43||

     होचुका कुलधर्म जिनका नष्ट ऐसे मनुज भी|

                 सुनते अनिश्चित कालतक वास करते नरक भी||44||

      जानकर भी हाय!  हम तत्पर  महापाप करने|

                 राज्य-सुख के लोभ से अपनों के प्राण हरने||45||

        सामना किये बिना सशस्त्र यदि धृतराष्ट्रपुत्र|

                  हितकर ही होगा, मारें रण में मुझे निशस्त्र ||46||

          शोक से उद्विग्न मन, धनुष बाण छोड़कर |

                    पीछे रथ के बैठ गए, पार्थ ऐसे बोल कर ||47||

Feeling guilty and shifting responsibility

Arjuna said to Shri Krishna, ” Keshava! I see omens of evil, and do not see any good in killing my kinsmen in battle.”(31) He further said, ” I do not covet victory , nor kingdom or luxuries or even life being to us.(32)Those very persons for whose sake we desire the kingdom, luxuries and pleasures -teachers, uncles, sons, grand uncles, maternal uncles, father-in-law, grand-nephews, brothers-in-law and other relations – are there arrayed on the battle field staking their lives and wealth.”(33-34) “I do not wish to kill them even for the sake of the Kingship of the three worlds (35)”.

“What will I get by killing them? Sin will surely accrue to us (36). Sons of Dhritarashtra are my cousins. How can we be happy after killing our own kinsmen (37).”

“Even though, these people, with their mind captured by greed, perceive no evil in destroying their own race and no sin in treason to friends (38), why should not we who  see the sin accruing from destruction of one’s family, think of desisting from committing this sin(39). It is a great sin to kill my teachers and relatives. Family traditions will perish with the destruction of family. When family virtues are lost, vice takes hold of the entire race (40)”.

With the preponderance of vice, the women of the family will become corrupt. With the corruption of women, there ensues an intermixture of castes (41). Owing to promiscuity (indiscriminate mingling) progeny damns the race itself as the family culture and values   (such as paying regards to their ancestors) would no more be there (42). Through these evils of intermixture, the age-long racial traditions and family customs will vanish (43). Arjun further said, “we hear that men who have lost their family traditions, dwell in hell for an indefinite period of time” (44). ” What a pity! we are aware of all this, even then we have set our mind to commit this great sin and due to lust for throne and enjoyment we are prepared to kill our own kinsmen(45). It would be better for me if the sons of Dhritarashtra, armed with weapons, kill me in battle, while I am unarmed and unresisting.(46).After speaking thus, He threw away his bow and arrows and sank down on the seat of the chariot. Arjuna was overwhelmed with grief.  (47). 

Learnings from Gita:

Gita is the teachings of Krishna imparted to Arjuna when he lost his nerve on the battlefield at Kurukshetra when he found himself facing his own kin. Arjuna’s dilemma is, in reality, the universal dilemma. Every human being faces dilemmas, big and small, in their everyday life when performing their duties.

  1. Anxiety disorder: Arjun was suffering with anxiety disorder in which one starts feeling intense fear of a specific object or situation. The fear goes beyond what’s appropriate and may cause excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
  2. Emotional warning sign: All guilt is an emotional warning sign. It robs us of vitality , health and the peace of mind. Guilt upon conscience is like rust upon iron -guilt consumes the guilty . Sometimes guilt-prone people carry a strong sense of responsibility to others, and that responsibility makes other people see them as leaders. If guilt is suppressed, it may result in laziness, suspicion and frustration. The worst thing one can do when feeling guilty is to do nothing or abandon one’s duty.
  3. Chronic guilt affects mental health adversely . If guilt is suppressed, it may result in laziness, suspicion and frustration. Scriptures recommend confession and atonement to overcome guilt. How can you rejoice when constantly feeling guilty and condemning yourself ?
  4. Guilty person is always scared:Conversely , guilt might not be always a negative emotion. Feelings of guilt may signal leadership potential; guilt-prone people carry a strong sense of responsibility to others, and that responsibility makes other people see them as leaders.

The worst thing one can do when feeling guilty is to do nothing or abandon one’s duty as Arjuna contemplated. He feels guilty about his decision to fight against his own kinsmen and becomes despondent. Krishna convinces him that his guilt feeling is inappropriate.

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