गीता चतुर्थ अध्याय श्लोक (1-9) Gita-Chapter 4 Verses (1-9)
अवतार रहस्य (SECRET OF INCARNATION)
इमं विवस्वते योगं प्रोक्तवानहमव्ययम् ।
विवस्वान्मनवे प्राह मनुरिक्ष्वाकवेऽब्रवीत् ॥4-1॥
विवस्वान को कहा था मैंने, अविकारी यह योग महान
मनु ने विवस्वान से, मनु से इक्ष्वाकु ने पाया यह ज्ञान॥4-1॥
I instructed this imperishable science of yoga to, Vivasvān, and Vivasvān instructed it to Manu, and Manu in turn instructed it to Ikṣvāku.
एवं परम्पराप्राप्तमिमं राजर्षयो विदुः ।
स कालेनेह महता योगो नष्टः परन्तप ॥4-2॥
परम्परा से पाकर ऐसे, राजर्षियों ने जाना यह ज्ञान |
कालांतर से लुप्त हो गया, हे अर्जुन! यह योग महान ||4-2||
This supreme science of yoga was thus received through the chain of disciple succession, and the saintly kings understood it in that way. But in course of time the succession was broken, and therefore the science as it appears to be lost. (4-2)
स एवायं मया तेऽद्य योगः प्रोक्तः पुरातनः।
भक्तोऽसि मे सखा चेति रहस्यं ह्येतदुत्तमम् ॥4-3॥
मेरे द्वारा आज कहा गया यह वह योग पुरातनतम|
तुम हो मेरे भक्त व सखा निश्चय यह रहस्य उत्तम॥4-3॥
That very ancient science of the relationship with the Supreme is today told by Me to you because you are My devotee as well as My friend; therefore, you can understand the transcendental mystery of this science. (4-3)
अपरं भवतो जन्म परं जन्म विवस्वतः ।
कथमेतद्विजानीयां त्वमादौ प्रोक्तवानिति ॥4-4॥
आप तो इस समय जन्मे, विवस्वान का जन्म पुराना |
मैं कैसे यह समझूँ, उन्होंनें आदिकाल में तुमसे जाना||4-4||
Arjun said that Vivasvan Surya was born earlier so is much senior
How can I agree that you instructed him, as by birth you are much junior (4-4)
बहूनि मे व्यतीतानि जन्मानि तव चार्जुन ।
तान्यहं वेद सर्वाणि न त्वं वेत्थ परन्तप ॥4-5॥
बहुत जन्म व्यतीत हो चुके, सुनो हे अर्जुन मेरे तुम्हारे |
नहीं ज्ञात तुमको कुछ अर्जुन!, किन्तु जानता हूँ मैं सारे||4-5||
Because of past actions, you have no intuitional knowledge. The eye of wisdom is not opened, power of vision is not present. So, you do not know your previous births. But I know them.
अजोऽपि सन्नव्ययात्मा भूतानामीश्वरोऽपि सन् ।
प्रकृतिं स्वामधिष्ठाय सम्भवाम्यात्ममायया ॥4-6॥
अजन्मा भी होते हुए, अविनाशी आत्मा,
समस्त प्राणियों का भी होकर परमात्मा|
स्वयं को अपनी प्रकृति में अधिष्ठित कर,
आत्म-माया से जन्म लूं ,बन जीवात्मा ||4-6||
Being birth-less and un-decaying by nature, I am the Supreme Soul. After establishing under control of the Nature, I appear embodied through My Maya.
यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत ।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ॥4-7॥
जब जब धर्म का होता है ह्रास |
अर्जुन! अधर्म का होता विकास ||
तब स्वयं शरीर का सृजन कर |
सगुण रूप में करूँ भू पर वास||4-7||
O! son of Bharat! whenever on earth righteousness becomes less and there is exaltation of unrighteousness, I create Myself in suitable body form.
परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् ।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे ॥4-8॥
भक्तों का करने उद्धार, दुष्टों का करने संहार|
धर्मपुनर्स्थापन के हित युग युग में लेता अवतार||4-8||
For the protection of the good, for the destruction of the wicked, and for the establishment of Dharma, I come into being, in every age.”
जन्म कर्म च मे दिव्यमेवं यो वेत्ति तत्वतः ।
त्यक्तवा देहं पुनर्जन्म नैति मामेति सोऽर्जुन ॥4-9॥
जन्म और कर्म मेरे होते सभी दिव्य,
तत्व से ऐसा जो व्यक्ति जान-जाता |
त्याग कर देह न पुनर्जन्म पाता फिर,
वह हे अर्जुन! सीधे मुझको पा जाता ||4-9||
One who knows Arjun! that My birth and deeds are divine. After leaving body, he is not born again but attains place of mine.
Birth of Divine Power: For the sake of firmly establishing righteousness, Supreme Power takes birth in every age. Whenever virtue subsides and immorality prevails, the Supreme divine power comes on the earth to guide human-being. As Lord Krishna was born five thousand years ago, Jesus Christ also took birth more than two thousand years ago to establish a new religion Christianity to show us the path of compassion and love. Needs of people vary with the time according to the environment prevailing at that time. Accordingly, Divine persons initiate actions to improve the condition of human-being and guide them accordingly to the righteous path.
Both Super soul (God) and souls are ‘unborn’ in the sense that they are not created by anyone but are evolved by the nature with the help of consciousness from the Supreme conscious energy.
- Souls are born in the sense that they take birth due to past ‘karma’.
- The Super-soul (Param-atma) has no Karma for which he has to take a
body. The Super-soul (Param-atma)
– is born in the sense that He takes birth due to ‘karuna’ (pity), but
– unborn in the sense that he is unaffected by past karma, and is born of his own free will.
Param-atma comes as an incarnation based on the conditions of the world. Birth of Super-soul takes place after controlling trinity of nature (trigunamayee prakriti) through divine process (Maya).
Karma or action of Super-soul in incarnation is to protect good features and to destroy bad characteristics. Super-soul’s birth and actions, both are divine. One who knows both, is having knowledge of original elements of nature and energy (i.e. tatva-darshee) . Soul (Atma) is the Supreme Element (param-tatva) and if atma joins param tatva then merges with Paramatma. Then it will not be possible to take rebirth., He does not abandon the world. He comes to set things right and show the path.
Lord Krishna, Buddha, Jesus Christ were the such Super Soul who showed the path of righteousness to human-being.
In order to become super-soul, one should act for the benefits of the society as whole (i.e. with Karuna) and not to react against environment for the personal benefits only.
Lord Krishna said, “Anyone who leaves his body after knowing My Divine Birth and Action, is not born again but comes to Me i.e. he is liberated from the cycle of life and death.”