GITA Chapter 2 (54-61) गीता द्वितीय-अध्याय श्लोक(54-61)
स्थित प्रज्ञ (PERSON OF STABLE MIND)
अर्जुन का प्रश्न
स्थितप्रज्ञस्य का भाषा समाधिस्थस्य केशव ।
स्थितधीः किं प्रभाषेत किमासीत व्रजेत किम् ॥2-54॥
स्थिरबुद्धि समाधिस्थ के क्या लक्षण, कहते हैं |
केशव! कैसे बोलते, बैठते, कैसे वे चलते हैं ||२-54||
प्रजहाति यदा कामान् सर्वान्पार्थ मनोगतान् ।
आत्मयेवात्मना तुष्टः स्थितप्रज्ञस्तदोच्यते ॥2-55॥
मन में आई सब कामनाएं त्याग, सदा रहते हैं |
अपने में संतुष्ट, जो स्थिर बुद्धि उन्हें कहते हैं ||2-55||
दुःखेष्वनुद्विग्नमनाः सुखेषु विगतस्पृहः ।
वीतरागभयक्रोधः स्थितधीर्मुनिरुच्यते ॥2-56॥
दुःख में मन उद्विग्न नहीं, न सुख में कोई चाहत |
स्थिर बुद्धि वही जिसको, भय राग क्रोध से राहत ||2-56||
यः सर्वत्रानभिस्नेहस्तत्तत्प्राप्य शुभाशुभम् ।
नाभिनंदति न द्वेष्टि तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठिता ॥2-57॥
सभी जगह स्नेहयुक्त हों शुभ हो या फिर अशुभ रहे |
न अभिनन्दन न द्वेष करें, उसको ही स्थिर बुद्धि कहें||2-57||
यदा संहरते चायं कूर्मोऽङ्गनीव सर्वशः ।
इन्द्रियाणीन्द्रियार्थेभ्यस्तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठिता ॥2-58॥
कछुआ समस्त अंग समेट, पीठ की ढाल बना रहता |
विषयों-से-समेट इन्द्रियों को स्थिर-बुद्धि वही करता ||2-58||
विषया विनिवर्तन्ते निराहारस्य देहिनः ।
रसवर्जं रसोऽप्यस्य परं दृष्टवा निवर्तते ॥59॥
जो न विषय भोगे, उसको विषयों से तो निवृत्ति मिले |
परम-तत्व को देख, विषय के रस से भी आसक्ति हिले||2-59||
यततो ह्यपि कौन्तेय पुरुषस्य विपश्चितः ।
इन्द्रियाणि प्रमाथीनि हरन्ति प्रसभं मनः ॥60॥
रह जाए आसक्ति, इन्द्रिय-विषय-रस से कुछ क्षण भी |
संयमी-पुरुष की बलवती इन्द्रियाँ बलात् हरलेती मन भी||2-60||
तानि सर्वाणि संयम्य युक्त आसीत मत्परः ।
वशे हि यस्येन्द्रियाणि तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्ठिता ॥2-61॥
संयम में रख इन्द्रियों को, ध्यान में स्थित रहें|
इन्द्रियाँ वश में हों, उसकी बुद्धि को स्थिर कहें||2-61||
Arjuna asked: Krishna, What is the sign of the man having stable mind and established in Samadhi (perfect tranquility of mind) ? whose intelligence is firmly fixed in wisdom? How does the man of stable mind speak, how does he sit, how does he walk?. (2-54)
He whose mind is undisturbed, is said to have steady wisdom if he completely frees himself from desires of the mind. The yogi of stable mind gives up all cravings of the mind, withdrawn and satisfied in himself (2.55).
He is not afraid of adversity, nor does he crave for happiness. He whose mind is unaffected by misery or pleasure and is free from all bonds and attachments, fear and anger, is man, of steady wisdom and decisive intellect. (2-56)
A man has a decisive intellect, who is no longer attached to anything, showing pleasure if something pleasant happens and displeasure if something unpleasant occurs. (2-57)
Just as a tortoise withdraws or retreats its limbs into its shell, a person with a firm mind and decisive intellect can withdraw his senses from sensual objects. (2-58)
One who does not use his senses for the enjoyment of sensual objects can overcome and rise above sensual objects. However, he is not able to leave off the attachment to his senses. One who realizes God or the Supreme, gets rid of attachments to the senses as well. (2-59)
Even those who are wise and are striving to achieve spiritual happiness and freedom are carried away violently or with great force by their excited senses. (2-60)
A perfect-Master is one who has complete control over his sense-appetites. They have complete control of their senses and therefore they have also earned the power of constant wisdom. Their minds are constantly focused and concentrated on meditation. the Supreme Goal.(2-61)
LEARNING ABOUT MAN-OF-STEADY-WISDOM
Krishna discusses the characteristics of the stitha-prajna, the person of stable temper.
- Stable temper (Stitha-prajana) person’s conversation is joy to the ears; that he speaks the truth yet does not hurt anyone’s feelings. The stithaprajna is stable: he is not prey to random gusts of passion but sticks to righteous behavior, having overcome all desires.
- At the same time, he does not surrender himself to inertia or inactivity but throws himself into action;
- he is not driven by the psychological burden of the goal, but rather by the imperative of effort.
- Since he is without desire, he is neither shattered by failure nor elated by success.
- To him, victory and defeat, pleasure and pain, honour and dishonour, friend and enemy are all alike -he judges himself, not by the fickle opinions of others, but by whether or not he has fulfilled his dharma, the ethical path that he has laid down for himself.
The Gita says that happiness runs away from one who desires it; happiness runs after him, who wants nothing.