GITA-GEET Chapter 1 (verses 20-30) गीता-गीत प्रथम-अध्याय श्लोक(20-30)

*At the occasion of Makar Sankranti (मकर संक्रांति पर)*

GITA-GEET Chapter 1 (verses 20-30)

गीता-गीत  प्रथम-अध्याय श्लोक(20-30)

कपिध्वज अर्जुन देख शस्त्र-संधान-प्रवृत कुरुपुत्र सभी |

          बोले सेना-मध्य स्थापित कर दो रथ श्री कृष्ण! अभी ||20-21||

जिससे मैं कर सकूं निरीक्षण कौन समर मे स्थित हैं |

            कौन युद्ध-के-योग्य मेरे-संग रण-हित यहाँ उपस्थित हैं ||22||

देख सकूं दुर्बुद्ध दुर्योधन प्रिय-हित जो होगये भ्रमित |

            कौन कौन आगये यहाँ पर होने इस रण में सम्मलित ||23||

अर्जुन के कहने पर, रथ दोनों सेनाओं  मध्य लिया |

            भीष्म-द्रोण-प्रमुख-योद्धाओं के सन्मुख जा खड़ाकिया ||24||

और कहा, अर्जुन! देखो रण हित कौरव-जन जुटे हुए |

            देख लिया  अर्जुन ने  दादा, गुरु, परदादा डटे हुए   ||25-26||

मामा, भाई, पुत्र, पौत्र, मित्रों,श्वसुरों सुहृदों में सब |

            बोले शोकाकुल हो अर्जुन दोनों ओर ही हैं बांधव ||26-27||

अर्जुन अवसाद में (Arjuna in Depression)

कृष्ण! देख स्वजनोंको उपस्थित युद्धहेतु रणस्थल में| 

   शिथिल हो रहे अंग सभी सूखा जाता मुख पल पल में||28||

अंग अंग सब कांप रहे अब रोम रोम भय-रोमांचित  |

            फिसलरहा गांडीव हाथ से त्वचा जलन से हुई व्यथित||29-30||

पाता नहीं समर्थ स्वयं को, रह लूं इसी अवस्था में|

    भ्रमित हो रहा सभी तरफ, मैं  डूब रहा मनोव्यथा में||30||

After the death of king Paandu the Paandavs became the lawful king. Since they were still in their childhood. Dhritaraashtra was made king and Bheesma was taking care five sons of Pandu and 100 sons Dhritarashtra. Also he took responsibility of protecting the kingdom as a supreme commander of the army.. Duryodhana was a very jealous person. He also wanted the kingdom. The kingdom was divided into two halves between the Paandavs and the Kauravs . Duryodhana was not satisfied with his share of the kingdom. He wanted the entire kingdom for himself. He unsuccessfully planned several foul plays to kill the Paandavs and take away their kingdom. He even ordered to disrobe Pandavas wife Queen Draupadi in front of King’s court. He unlawfully took possession of the entire kingdom of the Paandavs.

He refused to give back even five villages without a war. All mediation by Lord Krishna and others failed. The big war of Mahaabhaarata was thus inevitable. The Paandavs had only two choices: Fight for their right as a matter of duty or run away from war and accept defeat in the name of peace and nonviolence.

Before the start of the Mahabharat battle, Arjuna, one of the five Paandava brothers, wanted to be in the mid of battlefield to enable him to see the warriors of both the sides (20-21). He wanted to see specially the persons who wanted to fight on behalf of evil minded Duryodhan (22-23). Krishna took the magnificent chariot between the two armies  just in front of Bhishma, Drona and other warriors and said, “Arjun ! behold these Kauravas assembled here.. As soon as Arjuna enters into the mid of battlefield, he saw all his kinsmen, sons, brothers-in-law, cousins, grand-father and uncles, maternal uncle, teachers (Bhishma, Drona and others) standing arrayed in battle Seeing all the relations present there, Arjuna was overcome with deep compassion and spoke in sorrow to Lord Krishna (24-27), “My limbs fail and my mouth is parched, my body quivers and my hairs stand on end. The bow Gandiva slips from my hand and my skin too burns all over” (28-29). He feels guilty about his decision to fight against his own kinsmen and becomes despondent and under psychological depression(30).

Arjuna, , faced the dilemma in the battlefield whether to fight or run away from war for the sake of peace. He had to make a choice between fighting the war and killing his most revered guru, very dear friends, close relatives, and many innocent warriors or running away from the battlefield for the sake of preserving the peace and nonviolence.

Arjuna’s dilemma is, in reality, the universal dilemma. Every human being faces dilemmas, big and small, in their everyday life when performing their duties. These shlokas of first chapter of Gita depict how negative thoughts develop due to dilemmas  that leads to depression and how a depressed person becomes physically weak and inactive. Gita is the teachings, of Lord Krishna, imparted to Arjuna when he lost his nerve on the battlefield at Kurukshetra when he found himself facing his own kin.

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